Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij

Possui graduação em Biology - Wageningen University (2007), mestrado em Biology - Wageningen University (2009) e doutorado em Biology - Ecology and Evolution - University of Copenhagen (2014). Atualmente é early career research fellow - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Tem experiência na área de Ecologia, com ênfase em Ecologia My research focuses on the evolution of mutualistic interactions and in particular the intricate relationship between fungus-growing ants and their fungal crops. I work on the phylogenetic placement of these fungi in the family Agaricaceae and compare the genomes of the symbiotic fungi with free-living relatives. My expertise includes phylogenetics and comparative genomics.

Informações coletadas do Lattes em 22/06/2021

Acadêmico

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Formação acadêmica

Doutorado em Biology - Ecology and Evolution

2010 - 2014

University of Copenhagen
Título: Fungal adaptations to mutualistic life with ants
Orientador: Jacobus J Boomsma

Mestrado em Biology

2007 - 2009

Wageningen University
Título: The within-nest cultivation of Termitomyces strains by the fungus-growing termites (Macrotermitinae: Isoptera),Ano de Obtenção: 2009
Orientador: Duur K. Aanen

Graduação em Biology

2003 - 2007

Wageningen University

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Pós-doutorado

2014 - 2015

Pós-Doutorado. , University of Copenhagen, UK, Dinamarca.

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Idiomas

Bandeira representando o idioma Inglês

Compreende Bem, Fala Bem, Lê Bem, Escreve Bem.

Bandeira representando o idioma Espanhol

Compreende Razoavelmente, Fala Razoavelmente, Lê Razoavelmente, Escreve Razoavelmente.

Bandeira representando o idioma Português

Compreende Pouco, Fala Pouco, Lê Pouco, Escreve Pouco.

Bandeira representando o idioma Holandês

Compreende Bem, Fala Bem, Lê Bem, Escreve Bem.

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Áreas de atuação

Grande área: Ciências Biológicas / Área: Ecologia.

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Organização de eventos

BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. ; DE FINE LICHT, H. H. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; PONTIERI, LUIGI ; POULSEN, MICHAEL ; SCHITT, MORTEN ; VAN ZWEDEN, JELLE S. . 16th World congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects. 2010. (Congresso).

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Participação em eventos

9th Congresso Brasileiro de Micologia. On several aspects of lower attine ant fungi.. 2019. (Congresso).

Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences seminars.Fungus-growing ants or ant-growing fungi: a matter of perspective in studying mutualisms. 2019. (Seminário).

Laboratório de Micologia do INPA.Ant fungal crop phylogenetics and genomics. 2019. (Seminário).

11th International Mycological Congress (IMC). Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Congresso).

18th World congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI). Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Congresso).

British Mycological Society Autumn Meeting. 2018. (Encontro).

North-west European Section IUSSI winter meeting. 2018. (Encontro).

State of the World?s Fungi.On the origin of mutualisms: where did fungus-farming in ants begin?. 2018. (Simpósio).

The Evolutionary Genetics and Genomics Symposium (EGGS).Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Simpósio).

16th Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology (ESEB). On the origin of mutualisms: where did fungus-farming in ants begin?. 2017. (Congresso).

Section for Ecology and Evolution Seminars.On ants, fungus and ?hormigas culonas?: Phylogenetic studies of fungus-farming ants.. 2017. (Seminário).

8th Congresso Brasileiro de Micologia. On the origin of mutualisms. 2016. (Congresso).

British Mycological Society Autumn Meeting.On the origin of mutualisms: constructing phylogeny of Leucoagaricus and related species. 2016. (Simpósio).

Brown-bag seminar at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Fungal adaptations to mutualistic life with ants: The story of a fungal symbiont. 2016. (Seminário).

Genética evolutiva, filogeografía y ecología de biodiversidad Neotropical.On ants, fungus and ?hormigas culonas?: Phylogenetic studies of fungus-farming ants.. 2016. (Seminário).

Organismal Biology Department Seminar.Fungal adaptations to mutualistic life with ants: The story of a fungal symbiont. 2016. (Seminário).

Talleres internacionales de buenas prácticas para disear proyectos.International Biological Collections: RBG Kew. 2016. (Oficina).

British Mycological Society Autumn Meeting. 2015. (Encontro).

Centre for Ecology and Evolution (CEE) Autumn Symposium and Mixer.Symbiont policing and mutualism maintenance. 2015. (Simpósio).

17th World congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI). Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi. 2014. (Congresso).

Copenhagen Microbiology Center Symposium.Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi. 2014. (Simpósio).

North-west European Section IUSSI winter meeting.Fast-growing fungal crops grown by the ant Trachymyrmex cornetzi appear more resistant to the fungal pathogen Escovospsis. 2014. (Encontro).

2nd PhD-day at the Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen. Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi.. 2013. (Congresso).

18th European Meeting of PhD Students in Evolutionary Biology (EMPSEB). Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont: New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2012. (Congresso).

1st PhD-day at the Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen. Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont. New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2012. (Congresso).

5th Congress of the European Sections of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI). Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont. New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism. 2012. (Congresso).

13th Congress of the European Society for Evolutionary Biology (ESEB). Attine ants: Farmers or livestock? New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism. 2011. (Congresso).

Nordic Network in Social Evolution Symposium.?Fast-food? versus ?fresh? food: Dynamics of fungus garden enzyme activity in the leaf-cutting ant Atta cephalotes [Attini: Myrmicinae: Formicidae].. 2009. (Simpósio).

Nordic Network in Social Evolution Workshop.Changes in enzyme production in Atta cephalotes fungus gardens in response to diet change. 2009. (Oficina).

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Orientou

Isobel Colson

Estimating Colombia?s macrofungi biodiversity; 2019; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Orientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Robert Brown

A case of mistaken identity: Molecular and morphological studies reveal several cryptic taxa related to Hygrocybe coccinea including the species formerly known as H; marchii; 2018; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Coorientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Grace Burger

Gradients of change in the Uplands, Lake District, UK; a study of plant composition and functional trait changes with elevation; 2018; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Coorientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Meilinda Sulastri

Understanding the Basidiomycete family: Agaricaceae; 2017; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Orientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Beatriz San Fabian

New species of Cortinarius section Austroamericani sect; nov; from South American Nothofagus forests; 2017; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Coorientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Jacob Elsey

Can morphology be adequately used in identifying fungi at the subgenera level? A study in the colours of Entoloma; 2017; Dissertação (Mestrado em Plant and Fungal Taxonomy, Diversity and Conservation) - Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew,; Coorientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

Jeroen Pullens

Expression and activity of cellulase in Acromyrmex echinatior colonies and their associated fungus, Leucocoprinus gongylophorus; 2012; Dissertação (Mestrado em Biology) - Wageningen University,; Orientador: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij;

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Foi orientado por

André Rodrigues

On the origin of mutualism: the search for the closest relative of the fungus-growing ant cultivar; Início: 2020; Orientação de outra natureza; Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior; (Orientador);

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Produções bibliográficas

  • GOES, ARYEL C. ; BARCOTO, MARIANA O. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; BUENO, ODAIR C. ; RODRIGUES, ANDRE . How Do Leaf-Cutting Ants Recognize Antagonistic Microbes in Their Fungal Crops?. FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION , v. 8, p. 14887, 2020.

  • KOOIJ, PEPIJN W ; PELLICER, JAUME . Genome Size Versus Genome Assemblies: Are the Genomes Truly Expanded in Polyploid Fungal Symbionts?. Genome Biology and Evolution , v. 12, p. 2384-2390, 2020.

  • TESEO, SERAFINO ; VAN ZWEDEN, JELLE S. ; PONTIERI, LUIGI ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; SRENSEN, SREN J. ; WENSELEERS, TOM ; POULSEN, MICHAEL ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. ; SAPOUNTZIS, PANAGIOTIS . The scent of symbiosis: gut bacteria may affect social interactions in leaf-cutting ants. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR , v. 150, p. 239-254, 2019.

  • Kooij, P. W. ; GAYA, E. . Explorando la diversidad de hongos en Boyacá, Colombia. Revista Digital Fulica , v. 1, p. 6, 2019.

  • GREEN, P. W. C. ; Kooij, P. W. . The role of chemical signalling in maintenance of the fungus garden by leaf-cutting ants. Chemoecology , v. 28, p. 101-107, 2018.

  • SAN-FABIAN, BEATRIZ ; NISKANEN, TUULA ; LIIMATAINEN, KARE ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; MUJIC, ALIJA B. ; TRUONG, CAMILLE ; PEINTNER, URSULA ; DRESCH, PHILIPP ; NOUHRA, EDUARDO ; MATHENY, P. BRANDON ; SMITH, MATTHEW E. . New species of sect. , sect. nov., from South American Nothofagaceae forests. Mycologia , v. 110, p. 1127-1144, 2018.

  • KOOIJ, PEPIJN ; DENTINGER, BRYN ; DONOSO, DAVID ; SHIK, JONATHAN ; GAYA, ESTER . Cryptic Diversity in Colombian Edible Leaf-Cutting Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). INSECTS , v. 9, p. 191, 2018.

  • VASCONCELOS, THAIS N.C. ; PROENÇA, CAROL E.B. ; AHMAD, BERHAMAN ; AGUILAR, DANIEL S. ; AGUILAR, REINALDO ; AMORIM, BRUNO S. ; CAMPBELL, KERON ; COSTA, ITAYGUARA R. ; DE-CARVALHO, PLAUTO S. ; FARIA, JAIR E.Q. ; GIARETTA, AUGUSTO ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; LIMA, DUANE F. ; MAZINE, FIORELLA F. ; PEGUERO, BRIGIDO ; PRENNER, GERHARD ; SANTOS, MATHEUS F. ; SOEWARTO, JULIA ; WINGLER, ASTRID ; LUCAS, EVE J. . Myrteae phylogeny, calibration, biogeography and diversification patterns: Increased understanding in the most species rich tribe of Myrtaceae. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION , v. 109, p. 113-137, 2017.

  • SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; GOMEZ, ERNESTO B. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; SANTOS, JUAN C. ; WCISLO, WILLIAM T. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. . Nutrition mediates the expression of cultivar-farmer conflict in a fungus-growing ant. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (ONLINE) , v. 113, p. 10121-10126, 2016.

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; PULLENS, JEROEN W. M. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Ant mediated redistribution of a xyloglucanase enzyme in fungus gardens of Acromyrmex echinatior. BMC MICROBIOLOGY , v. 16, p. 81, 2016.

  • Kooij, P. W. ; AANEN, D. K. ; SCHITT, M. ; BOOMSMA, J. J. . Evolutionarily advanced ant farmers rear polyploid fungal crops. JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY , v. 28, p. 1911-1924, 2015.

  • KOOIJ, PEPIJN W ; ROGOWSKA-WRZESINSKA, ADELINA ; HOFFMANN, DANIEL ; ROEPSTORFF, PETER ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Leucoagaricus gongylophorus uses leaf-cutting ants to vector proteolytic enzymes towards new plant substrate. The ISME Journal , v. 8, p. 1032-1040, 2014.

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; LIBERTI, JOANITO ; GIAMPOUDAKIS, KONSTANTINOS ; SCHITT, MORTEN ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. . Differences in Forage-Acquisition and Fungal Enzyme Activity Contribute to Niche Segregation in Panamanian Leaf-Cutting Ants. PLoS One , v. 9, p. e94284, 2014.

  • Kooij, P. W. ; SCHITT, M. ; BOOMSMA, J. J. ; DE FINE LICHT, H. H. . Rapid shifts in Atta cephalotes fungus-garden enzyme activity after a change in fungal substrate (Attini, Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux , v. 58, p. 145-151, 2011.

  • VISSER, ANNA A. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; DEBETS, ALFONS J.M. ; KUYPER, THOMAS W. ; AANEN, DUUR K. . Pseudoxylaria as stowaway of the fungus-growing termite nest: Interaction asymmetry between Pseudoxylaria, Termitomyces and free-living relatives. Fungal Ecology , v. 4, p. 322-332, 2011.

  • Scott, Katie ; Hawksworth, David L. ; Suz, Laura M. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; LIIMATAINEN, KARE ; Prescott, Tom ; Davies, Lee ; GAYA, E. . Fungarium. 1. ed. London: Big Picture Press, 2019. v. 1. 64p .

  • Leitch, I.J. ; Kooij, P. W. ; Coker, T. ; Grigoriev, I.V. ; Nagy, L. ; Martin, F. ; Stajich, J. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. ; GAYA, E. . Fungal genomes: Exploring, understanding and utilising their diversity. In: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Org.). State of the World?s Fungi. 1ed.London: Willis, K. J., 2018, v. 1, p. 40-47.

  • GAYA, E. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. ; Grigoriev, I.V. ; Nagy, L. ; Stajich, J. ; Coker, T. ; Leitch, I.J. . Fungal tree of life. In: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Org.). State of the World?s Fungi. 1ed.London: Willis, K. J., 2018, v. 1, p. 12-17.

  • SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; DONOSO, DAVID A. ; SANTOS, JUAN C. ; GOMEZ, ERNESTO B. ; FRANCO, MARIANA ; CRUMIÈRE, ANTONIN J. J. ; ARNAN, XAVIER ; HOWE, JACK ; WCISLO, WILLIAM T. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J. . Nutritional niches reveal fundamental domestication trade-offs in fungus-farming ants. Nature Ecology & Evolution , 2020.

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Fungus-growing ants or ant-growing fungi: a matter of perspective in studying mutualisms. 2019. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . On several aspects of lower attine ant fungi. 2019. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Ant fungal crop phylogenetics and genomics. 2019. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Simpósio).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Genome assembly of the fungus Leucoagaricus gongylophorus cultivated by the ant Atta colombica using long-read MinION sequences. 2018. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; GAYA, E. ; SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. . On the origin of mutualisms: where did fungus-farming in ants begin?. 2018. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Simpósio).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; GAYA, E. ; SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. . On the origin of mutualisms: where did fungus-farming in ants begin?. 2017. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Congresso).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . On ants, fungus and ?hormigas culonas?: Phylogenetic studies of fungus-farming ants. 2017. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Fungal adaptations to mutualistic life with ants: The story of a fungal symbiont.. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; GAYA, E. ; SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. . On the origin of mutualisms: constructing phylogeny of Leucoagaricus and related species.. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Fungal adaptations to mutualistic life with ants: The story of a fungal symbiont. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; GAYA, E. ; SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; Dentinger, B.T.M. . On the origin of mutualisms.. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . International Biological Collections: RBG Kew.. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Outra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . On ants, fungus and ?hormigas culonas?: Phylogenetic studies of fungus-farming ants. 2016. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Symbiont policing and mutualism maintenance. 2015. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Simpósio).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; AANEN, DUUR K. ; SCHITT, MORTEN ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J . Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi. 2014. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; AANEN, DUUR K. ; SCHITT, MORTEN ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J . Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi.. 2014. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Simpósio).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; SHIK, JONATHAN Z. ; GOMEZ, ERNESTO B. ; Wcislo, William ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J . Fast-growing fungal crops grown by the ant Trachymyrmex cornetzi appear more resistant to the fungal pathogen Escovospsis. 2014. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; AANEN, DUUR K. ; SCHITT, MORTEN ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J . Advanced farming ants rear polyploid crop fungi.. 2013. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; De Fine Licht, Henrik H. ; Pullens, Jeroen ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont. New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2013. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Seminário).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont. New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2012. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont: New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2012. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Attine ants: the animal freight trucks of their fungal symbiont. New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism.. 2012. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. ; BOOMSMA, JACOBUS J ; SCHITT, MORTEN . Attine ants: Farmers or livestock? New molecular insight into a complex ant-fungus mutualism. 2011. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Conferência ou palestra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . Changes in enzyme production in Atta cephalotes fungus gardens in response to diet change. 2009. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Outra).

  • Kooij, Pepijn W. . ?Fast-food? versus ?fresh? food: Dynamics of fungus garden enzyme activity in the leaf-cutting ant Atta cephalotes [Attini: Myrmicinae: Formicidae].. 2009. (Apresentação de Trabalho/Simpósio).

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Outras produções

KOOIJ, PEPIJN W . Genome sequencing not always accurate. 2020; Tema: Genome size estimation versus genome assembly size. (Blog).

AVIS-RIORDAN, KATIE ; Kersey, Paul ; Davies, Lee ; Kooij, Pepijn W. ; Hill, Rowena ; Ellingham, Oliver ; Aguirre-Hudson, Begoa ; Brewer, Grace . Fungal favourites. 2019; Tema: mycology. (Blog).

KOOIJ, PEPIJN W . Discovering fungal diversity in Colombia. 2018; Tema: Fungal diversity in Colombia. (Blog).

Kooij, Pepijn W. ; Kew Foundation . Meet the mycologist: Pepijn Kooij. 2017; Tema: mycology. (Blog).

Kooij, Pepijn W. . On the origin of mutualisms. 2016; Tema: mycology. (Blog).

Kooij, Pepijn W. ; NISKANEN, TUULA ; Suz, Laura M. . Celebrating the importance of mycological research. 2015; Tema: mycology. (Blog).

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Projetos de pesquisa

  • 2017 - Atual

    Boyacá?s Forgotten Kingdom, Descrição: Colombia is known to be one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Nevertheless, the current knowledge on inventory and monitoring of biodiversity and ecosystems does not fully reflect this richness, being incomplete in certain regions. Counteracting this situation, the nation-wide ?Colombia Bio? programme has recently been established by the Colombian government with the main aim of making sustainable economic use of Colombia?s biodiversity resources. This programme offers a unique opportunity for Kew and partner organisations in Colombia to undertake primary research on biodiversity and ecosystem services in parts of the country as yet completely unexplored. The goal of this exploratory research is to enable the establishment of a long-term agenda on the conservation and sustainable use of Colombia?s natural capital. Kew Science will be involved in a significant number of research projects over the next 4-5 years (from 2017) under the umbrella of the Colombia Bio programme. The goal of the project described here is to assess the unknown fungal diversity in the department (region) of Boyacá in Colombia, and will run for 10 months until March 2018.. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Mestrado acadêmico: (1) . , Integrantes: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij - Coordenador / NISKANEN, TUULA - Integrante / GAYA, ESTER - Integrante / Suz, Laura M. - Integrante / Davies, Lee - Integrante / Hill, Rowena - Integrante / Aguirre-Hudson, Begoa - Integrante / José Aguilar - Integrante / Henry Arenas-Castro - Integrante / Paul Cannon - Integrante / Elizabeth Downes - Integrante / Daniel García - Integrante / Mailyn González - Integrante / Bibiana Moncada - Integrante / Rocio Pea-Caón - Integrante / Oscar Ruiz Rincón - Integrante / Tatiana Sanjuan - Integrante / Juan Sebastián Silano Uribe - Integrante / Diego Simijaca - Integrante / Natalia Soto Mesa - Integrante / Claudi Vilaregut Soler - Integrante / Andrea Baquero - Integrante / Natalia Vargas Estupian - Integrante / Aída Vasco-Palacios - Integrante., Financiador(es): Newton Fund UK - Auxílio financeiro.

  • 2015 - Atual

    Symbiont policing and mutualism maintenance, Descrição: Leaf-cutting ants have domesticated fungal crops for ca 10 million years, making them one of the most successful herbivores in the Neotropics. Their fungal symbiont is a reproductively mature mushroom-forming fungus, yet mushrooms are rarely seen. Fungal viruses (mycoviruses) are known to have ?castrating? effects on human cultivated mushrooms, suggesting that ant cultivars could suffer from similar effects. Mutualism is a cooperation between partners that is viewed as a balance in a perpetual battle over resources. Natural selection favours mutualistic interactions that minimise cheating by one partner, including policing mechanisms that stabilise the partnership. Fungus-growing ants of the tribe Attini maintain a stable obligate mutualism with their fungal partner of the mushroom genus Leucoagaricus (Agaricales: Agaricaceae). Each generation, new ant queens bring fungus from the original colony to build their own, causing vertical transmission of the fungus. Fungal reproduction outside this transmission would be a waste of energy for the colony as whole and could introduce new genetic strains; threatening the domesticated phenotype and misaligning the reproductive interests of the ants and their fungal crops. To avoid these destabilising scenarios, the ants actively remove any fruiting body material initiated by the fungus. However, fruiting of the fungal symbiont is rare in general, suggesting the primary cause of fruiting body suppression takes place prior to mushroom formation. Recent pilot studies, using transmission electron microscopy, have shown the presence of a mycovirus in the ant fungal crops. In other (human cultivated) mushroom forming fungi, such as Agaricus bisporus and Pleurotus ostreatus, mycoviruses have been shown to have a ?castrating? effect, causing the fungi to produce malformed fruiting bodies and reduced germination of basidiospores. The mycovirus(es) in this system are potentially functioning to suppress fruit body formation, thereby policing the fungal symbiont and leading to long term maintenance of a stable mutualism. This project aims to identify the mycovirus(es) present in the fungal crops and investigate their role in suppressing mushroom growth.. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Integrantes: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij - Coordenador., Financiador(es): British Ecological Society - Auxílio financeiro.

  • 2015 - Atual

    Phylogenetic origin and evolution of asexuality in leaf-cutting ant fungiculture, Descrição: Coevolution is one of the major forces in the origin and maintenance of biodiversity. The fungus-farming ant mutualism is a model coevolutionary system, typified by the leaf-cutting ants (genera Atta and Acromyrmex), which use freshly harvested leaves as substrate for growing a fungal crop on which they depend. The fungus, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, acts as a versatile and efficient digestive system for the ants by decomposing the harvested plant material,, converting otherwise inaccessible nutrients into specialized energy rich cells (gongylidia) on which the ants feed. Unlike their earlier diverged cousins, the leaf-cutting ants exclusively transmit their fungal symbiont vertically, and no identical free-living fungus has been documented, consistent with the view that the leaf-cutting fungus is a domesticated crop. The leaf-cutting ants originated between 8 and 12 million years ago as the most specialized crown-group of the fungus-growing ants (Attini) and their extant distribution ranges from warm-temperate South America up to the southern regions of the United States. Throughout this range these ants are important (often dominant) herbivores and significant accelerators of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling. However, leaf-cutting ants are often regarded as pests by farmers, because they forage plant material that is readily available in agricultural fields, such as coffee and cacao-plantations, and can cause devastating damage to crops. Theory predicts that reproduction outside of the symbiosis would destabilize the mutualism, as selective forces would act on the partners independently. Consistent with this prediction is the apparent lack of sexual reproduction in L. gongylophorus, based on two lines of evidence: 1) sexually reproductive bodies (mushrooms) have been rarely observed in natural and artificial conditions, and then they have not been proven fertile; 2) no identical or closely-related free-living fungi have been identified, indicating lack of ongoing recombination outside of the symbiosis. Even though sexual reproduction by the fungal symbionts seems to be suppressed throughout the whole tribe of fungus-growing ants, it appears that the growth of mushrooms is more controlled in the leaf-cutting ants. Moreover, selection should favor fungal symbionts with inherent asexuality, for example through loss-of-function mutations leading to lack of mushroom production, increasing colony efficiency by avoiding the growth of costly mushrooms with reproductive interests outside the symbiosis.. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Integrantes: Pepijn Wilhelmus Kooij - Coordenador / SHIK, JONATHAN - Integrante / GAYA, ESTER - Integrante., Financiador(es): Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew - Auxílio financeiro.

Seção coletada automaticamente pelo Escavador

Prêmios

2020

CAPES-PRINT Jovem Talento, UNESP - Rio Claro.

2019

British Mycological Society Small Grant, British Mycological Society.

2018

British Mycological Society Small Grant, British Mycological Society.

2017

Newton Fund ColombiaBio Programme, Newton Fund.

2016

British Mycological Society Small Grant, British Mycological Society.

2015

Pilot Study Fund, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

2015

British Ecological Society Large Research Grant, British Ecological Society.

2012

Award for best oral presentation at 1st PhD-day, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen.

Histórico profissional

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Endereço profissional

  • Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Instituto de Biociências de Rio Claro, Centro de Estudos de Insetos Sociais. , UNESP - Universidade do Estado de São Paulo, Jardim Bela Vista, 13506900 - Rio Claro, SP - Brasil, Telefone: (19) 35264364

Seção coletada automaticamente pelo Escavador

Experiência profissional

2015 - 2020

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vínculo: Civil servant, Enquadramento Funcional: Early Career Research Fellow

2020 - Atual

Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho

Vínculo: Bolsista, Enquadramento Funcional: Pesquisador Jovem Talento, Regime: Dedicação exclusiva.

Outras informações:
CAPES-PRINT (PRINT - PROGRAMA INSTITUCIONAL DE INTERNACIONALIZAÇÃO)