Danilo Custódio Jorge

Danilo Custódio é Pesquisador no Institudo de Química da Universidade de São Paulo (PósDoc ? FAPESP); Doutor pela Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal, tendo desenvolvido tese em calaboração com a Università di Firenze, Itália, e o Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, França, ; possui mestrado em Química pelo Instituto de Química da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Graduado em Química Industrial pela UFRRJ, experiência em Trabalhos na área de Ciências Exatas e de Terra - Química Analítica e Ambiental, com ênfase em química da atmosfera, análise de compostos orgânicos voláteis e aerossóis, suas fontes, transformações e depleção/remoção da atmosfera. Interessado em projetos motivadores, de ganho social e de contexto científico holístico em instituições que ofereça fundações sólidas de trabalho e pesquisa. Autor e co-autor de muitos artigos em revistas especializadas, é revisor de periódicos científicas nacionais e internacionais. Atua no desenvolvimento de tecnologias que promovam saúde pública, qualidade do ar e bem-estar. Disposto a construir pontes, desbrava novos horizontes e reelabora conceitos. Possui experiência em reconhecidas instituições internacionais, muita energia e sem medo de começa do zero.

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Acadêmico

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Formação acadêmica

Doutorado em Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente

2011 - 2016

Universidade de Aveiro
Título: Particulate carbon in the atmosphere: distribution aging and wet deposition
Orientador: Doutor Mário Miguel Azevedo Cerqueira
Coorientador: Doutora Teresa Nunes. Bolsista do(a): Fundação Portuguesa para Ciência e Tecnologia, FCT, Portugal. Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da TerraGrande Área: Ciências Exatas e da Terra / Área: Química / Subárea: Qualidade do ar. Setores de atividade: Pesquisa e desenvolvimento científico; Atividades de atenção à saúde humana; Administração pública, defesa e seguridade social.

Mestrado em Química

2007 - 2009

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Título: Estudo de compostos Orgânicos voláteis biogênicos e antropogênicos na área da Floresta da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro,Ano de Obtenção: 2009
Graciela Arbilla de Klachquin.Bolsista do(a): Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES, Brasil. Palavras-chave: Compostos orgânicos voláteis; Emissões biogênicas e antropogênicas.Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da TerraSetores de atividade: Educação.

Graduação em Química

2003 - 2006

Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
Título: Controle de Processo de corrrosão em reatores nucleares
Orientador: Cristina Maria Barra
Bolsista do(a): Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq, Brasil.

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Idiomas

Inglês

Compreende Bem, Fala Bem, Lê Bem, Escreve Bem.

Espanhol

Compreende Bem, Fala Razoavelmente, Lê Bem, Escreve Pouco.

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Áreas de atuação

    Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da Terra / Área: Geociências / Subárea: Meteorologia/Especialidade: Química da Atmosfera.

    Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da Terra / Área: Química / Subárea: Qualidade do ar.

    Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da Terra / Área: Química / Subárea: Análise de Traços e Química Ambiental.

    Grande área: Ciências Exatas e da Terra / Área: Química / Subárea: Química do Solo.

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Participação em eventos

European Geosciences Union. CV-Dust: Atmospheric aerosol in the Cape Verde region. 2012. (Congresso).

European geoscience Union. Wet deposition of particulate carbon to the central North Atlantic Ocean. 2011. (Congresso).

A Passport for the Promised Land. 2010. (Seminário).

Exposição de bombeiros ao fumo e consequentes efeitos na saúde. 2010. (Simpósio).

29° Reuniaõ Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Química. Aplicação de um método simples de extração na previsão de metais pesados biodisponiveis em solos contaminados. 2006. (Congresso).

Semana Nacional De Ciência e Tecnologia.A química no cotidiano. 2006. (Oficina).

XLVI Congresso Brasileiro de Química CBQ. Extração Simples Versus Biodisponibilidade de Cobre e Zinco em Milho Plantado em Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo e Organossolo Háplico. 2006. (Congresso).

28° Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Química. A resposta de diiferentes extratores simples na avaliação de cádmio biodisponivel em função do tipo de solo. 2005. (Congresso).

Seminário Nacional das Ciências Agrárias. 2005. (Seminário).

XLV Congresso Brasileiro de Química CBQ. Avaliação da Biodispolibilidade de Cobre e Cádimio em Milho Cultivado em Argissolo Vernelho Amarelo (PVA) e em Chenosolo Argilúvio (MT). 2005. (Congresso).

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Comissão julgadora das bancas

CRISTINA MARIA BARRA

BARRA, C. M.; Silva, J.R.B.; Neves, P.J.. Estágio supervisionado na Eletrobrás Termonuclear S.A. - ELETRONUCLEAR. 2007. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Graduação em Química) - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro.

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Foi orientado por

CRISTINA MARIA BARRA

Utilização de extratores simples na avaliação da remediação parcial de solo contaminado com resíduo da Companhia Mercantil e Industrial Ingá pelo uso de lodo de esgoto de área residencial; 2007; Iniciação Científica; (Graduando em Química) - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; Orientador: Cristina Maria Barra;

CRISTINA MARIA BARRA

Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos incubados com doses crescentes de lodo de esgoto utilizando o milho (Zea mays) plantado nesses solos como extrator biológico; 2006; 0 f; Iniciação Científica; (Graduando em Química) - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; Orientador: Cristina Maria Barra;

CRISTINA MARIA BARRA

Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos incubados com (1) doses crescentes de metais pesados e (2) doses crescentes de lodo de esgoto utilizando o milho (Zea mays) plantado nesses solos como extrator biológico; 2005; Iniciação Científica; (Graduando em Química) - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro; Orientador: Cristina Maria Barra;

CRISTINA MARIA BARRA

Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos incubados com (1) doses crescentes de cádmio, cobre, zinco e chumbo e (2) doses crescentes de lodo de esgoto utilizando o milho (Zea mays) plantado nesses solos como extrator biológico; 2004; 0 f; Orientação de outra natureza - Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro; Orientador: Cristina Maria Barra;

Graciela Arbilla de Klachquin

Estudo de compostos orgânicos voláteis biogênicos e antropogênicos na área da Floresta da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro; 2009; Dissertação (Mestrado em Química) - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior; Orientador: Graciela Arbilla de Klachquin;

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Produções bibliográficas

  • FERNÁNDEZ-AMADO, M. ; PRIETO-BLANCO, M.C. ; LÓPEZ-MAHÍA, P. ; PIÑEIRO-IGLESIAS, M. ; MUNIATEGUI-LORENZO, S. ; IGLESIAS-SAMITIER, S. ; ALVES, C.A. ; Custódio, D. ; ESTEVES, V. ; NUNES, T. . Interrelationships between major components of PM 10 and sub-micron particles: Influence of Atlantic air masses. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH , v. 212, p. 64-76, 2018.

  • OLIVEIRA, RAFAEL LOPES ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO JORGE ; DE RAINHO, CLAUDIA RAMOS ; MORAIS, ERIKA ; FELZENSZWALB, ISRAEL ; CORRÊA, SÉRGIO MACHADO ; AZEVEDO, DÉBORA ALMEIDA ; ARBILLA, GRACIELA . Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon patterns in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Air Quality Atmosphere and Health , v. 1, p. 10, 2018.

  • CUSTODIO, DANILO ; ALVES, CÉLIA ; JOMOLCA, YENDRY ; DE CASTRO VASCONCELLOS, PÉROLA . Carbonaceous components and major ions in PM10 from the Amazonian Basin. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH , v. 1, p. 1-12, 2018.

  • ALVES, CÉLIA A. ; VICENTE, ANA M. ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; CERQUEIRA, MÁRIO ; NUNES, TERESA ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; LUCARELLI, FRANCO ; CALZOLAI, GIULIA ; NAVA, SILVIA ; DIAPOULI, EVANGELIA ; ELEFTHERIADIS, KONSTANTINOS ; QUEROL, XAVIER ; MUSA BANDOWE, BENJAMIN A. . Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their derivatives (nitro-PAHs, oxygenated PAHs, and azaarenes) in PM 2.5 from Southern European cities. Science of the Total Environment , v. 595, p. 494-504, 2017.

  • MARTINS PEREIRA, GUILHERME ; TEINILÄ, KIMMO ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; GOMES SANTOS, ALDENOR ; XIAN, HUANG ; HILLAMO, RISTO ; ALVES, CÉLIA A. ; BITTENCOURT DE ANDRADE, JAILSON ; OLÍMPIO DA ROCHA, GISELE ; KUMAR, PRASHANT ; BALASUBRAMANIAN, RAJASEKHAR ; DE FÁTIMA ANDRADE, MARIA ; DE CASTRO VASCONCELLOS, PÉROLA . Airborne particles in the Brazilian city of São Paulo: One-year investigation for the chemical composition and source apportionment. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS DISCUSSION (ONLINE) , v. 1, p. 1-36, 2017.

  • DIAPOULI, EVANGELIA ; MANOUSAKAS, MANOUSOS I. ; VRATOLIS, STERGIOS ; VASILATOU, VASILIKI ; PATERAKI, STELLA ; BAIRACHTARI, KYRIAKI A. ; QUEROL, XAVIER ; AMATO, FULVIO ; ALASTUEY, ANDRÉS ; KARANASIOU, ANGELIKI A. ; LUCARELLI, FRANCO ; NAVA, SILVIA ; CALZOLAI, GIULIA ; GIANELLE, VORNE L. ; COLOMBI, CRISTINA ; ALVES, CÉLIA ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; SPYROU, CHRISTOS ; KALLOS, GEORGE B. ; ELEFTHERIADIS, KONSTANTINOS . AIRUSE-LIFE +: estimation of natural source contributions to urban ambient air PM 10 and PM 2.-5 concentrations in southern Europe - implications to compliance with limit values. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS (ONLINE) , v. 17, p. 3673-3685, 2017.

  • PEREIRA, GUILHERME MARTINS ; TEINILÄ, KIMMO ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; GOMES SANTOS, ALDENOR ; XIAN, HUANG ; HILLAMO, RISTO ; ALVES, CÉLIA A. ; BITTENCOURT DE ANDRADE, JAILSON ; OLÍMPIO DA ROCHA, GISELE ; KUMAR, PRASHANT ; BALASUBRAMANIAN, RAJASEKHAR ; ANDRADE, MARIA DE FÁTIMA ; DE CASTRO VASCONCELLOS, PÉROLA . Particulate pollutants in the Brazilian city of São Paulo: 1-year investigation for the chemical composition and source apportionment. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS (ONLINE) , v. 17, p. 11943-11969, 2017.

  • CAUMO, SOFIA ; VICENTE, ANA ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; ALVES, CÉLIA ; VASCONCELLOS, PÉROLA . Organic compounds in particulate and gaseous phase collected in the neighbourhood of an industrial complex in São Paulo (Brazil). Air Quality Atmosphere and Health , v. 1, p. 11946, 2017.

  • VICENTE, ESTELA D. ; RIBEIRO, JOÃO P. ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; ALVES, CÉLIA A. . Assessment of the indoor air quality in copy centres at Aveiro, Portugal. Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health , v. 1, p. 10-10, 2016.

  • CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; CERQUEIRA, MÁRIO ; ALVES, CÉLIA ; NUNES, TERESA ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; ESTEVES, VALDEMAR ; FROSINI, DANIELE ; LUCARELLI, FRANCO ; QUEROL, XAVIER . A one-year record of carbonaceous components and major ions in aerosols from an urban kerbside location in Oporto, Portugal. Science of the Total Environment , v. 562, p. 822-833, 2016.

  • PEREIRA, G. M. ; DE OLIVEIRA ALVES, N. ; CAUMO, S. E. S. ; SOARES, S. ; TEINILÄ, K. ; Custódio, D. ; HILLAMO, R. ; ALVES, C. ; VASCONCELLOS, P. C. . Chemical composition of aerosol in São Paulo, Brazil: influence of the transport of pollutants. Air Quality Atmosphere and Health , v. 1, p. 1, 2016.

  • AMATO, FULVIO ; ALASTUEY, ANDRÉS ; KARANASIOU, ANGELIKI ; LUCARELLI, FRANCO ; NAVA, SILVIA ; CALZOLAI, GIULIA ; SEVERI, MIRKO ; BECAGLI, SILVIA ; GIANELLE, VORNE L. ; COLOMBI, CRISTINA ; ALVES, CELIA ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; NUNES, TERESA ; CERQUEIRA, MARIO ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; ELEFTHERIADIS, KONSTANTINOS ; DIAPOULI, EVANGELIA ; RECHE, CRISTINA ; MINGUILLÓN, MARÍA CRUZ ; MANOUSAKAS, MANOUSOS-IOANNIS ; MAGGOS, THOMAS ; VRATOLIS, STERGIOS ; HARRISON, ROY M. ; QUEROL, XAVIER . AIRUSE-LIFE+: a harmonized PM speciation and source apportionment in five southern European cities. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS (ONLINE) , v. 16, p. 3289-3309, 2016.

  • 2015 ALVES, CÉLIA A. ; GOMES, JOANA ; NUNES, TERESA ; DUARTE, MÁRCIO ; CALVO, ANA ; CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; KARANASIOU, ANGELIKI ; QUEROL, XAVIER . Size-segregated particulate matter and gaseous emissions from motor vehicles in a road tunnel. Atmospheric Research (Print) , v. 153, p. 134-144, 2015.

  • 2015 GROSS, AVNER ; GOREN, TOM ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; CARDOSO, JOAO ; TIROSH, OFIR ; TODD, MARTIN ; ROSENFELD, DANIEL ; WEINER, TAL ; CUSTODIO, DANILO ; ANGERT, ALON . Variability in sources and concentrations of Saharan dust phosphorus over the Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Science & Technology Letters , v. 1, p. 150120153626002, 2015.

  • VICENTE, E.D. ; DUARTE, M.A. ; CALVO, A.I. ; NUNES, T.F. ; TARELHO, L.A.C. ; Custódio, D. ; Colombi, C. ; GIANELLE, V. ; SANCHEZ DE LA CAMPA, A. ; ALVES, C.A. . Influence of operating conditions on chemical composition of particulate matter emissions from residential combustion. Atmospheric Research (Print) , v. 166, p. 92-100, 2015.

  • 2014 CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; PINHO, ISABEL ; CERQUEIRA, MÁRIO ; NUNES, TERESA ; PIO, CASIMIRO . Indoor and outdoor suspended particulate matter and associated carbonaceous species at residential homes in northwestern Portugal. Science of the Total Environment , v. 473-474, p. 72-76, 2014.

  • 2014 CUSTÓDIO, DANILO ; CERQUEIRA, MÁRIO ; FIALHO, PAULO ; NUNES, TERESA ; PIO, CASIMIRO ; HENRIQUES, DIAMANTINO . Wet deposition of particulate carbon to the Central North Atlantic Ocean. Science of the Total Environment , v. 496, p. 92-99, 2014.

  • 2014 FIALHO, P. ; Cerqueira, M. ; Pio, C. ; CARDOSO, J. ; NUNES, T. ; Custódio, D. ; ALVES, C. ; ALMEIDA, S.M. ; ALMEIDA-SILVA, M. ; REIS, M. ; ROCHA, F. . The application of a multi-wavelength Aethalometer to estimate iron dust and black carbon concentrations in the marine boundary layer of Cape Verde. Atmospheric Environment (1994) , v. 97, p. 136-143, 2014.

  • 2014 PIO, CASIMIRO A. ; CARDOSO, JOãO G. ; CERQUEIRA, MáRIO A. ; CALVO, ANA ; NUNES, TERESA V. ; ALVES, CéLIA A. ; CUSTóDIO, DANILO ; ALMEIDA, SUSANA M. ; ALMEIDA-SILVA, MARINA . Seasonal variability of aerosol concentration and size distribution in Cape Verde using a continuous aerosol optical spectrometer. Frontiers in Environmental Science , v. 2, p. 1-11, 2014.

  • 2013 CALVO, A.I. ; TARELHO, L.A.C. ; TEIXEIRA, E.R. ; ALVES, C. ; NUNES, T. ; DUARTE, M. ; COZ, E. ; Custodio, D. ; CASTRO, A. ; ARTIÑANO, B. ; FRAILE, R. . Particulate emissions from the co-combustion of forest biomass and sewage sludge in a bubbling fluidised bed reactor. Fuel Processing Technology , v. 114, p. 58-68, 2013.

  • 2010 Guimarães, C. S. ; Custodio, D. ; Oliveira, R. C. S. ; Varandas, L. S. ; ARBILLA, G. . Comparative Study of Automotive, Aircraft and Biogenic Emissions of Aldehydes and Aromatic Compounds. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology , v. 84, p. 180-184, 2010.

  • 2010 Custódio, D. ; Guimarães, C.S. ; Varandas, L. ; ARBILLA, G. . Pattern of volatile aldehydes and aromatic hydrocarbons in the largest urban rainforest in the Americas. Chemosphere (Oxford) , p. 1-7, 2010.

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Outras produções

AMATO, F. ; A. Alastuey ; A. Karanasiou ; F. Lucarelli ; S. Nava ; G. Calzolai ; M. Severi ; S. Becagli ; V.L. Gianelle ; C. Colombi ; ALVES, C. ; Custódio, D. ; NUNES, T. ; Cerqueira, M. ; Pio, C. ; K. Eleftheriadis ; L. Diapouli ; R. Harrison ; X. Querol . PM speciation and source apportionment - LEVELS AND COMPOSITION OF PM10 AND PM2.5 IN AIRUSE CITIES: ATHENS, BARCELONA, FLORENCE, MILAN AND PORTO. 2015. (Relatório de pesquisa).

ALVES, C. ; Custodio, D. ; Casimiro Pio ; Teresa Nunes ; AMATO, F. ; QUEROL, XAVIER ; F. Lucarelli ; S. Nava ; G. Calzolai . Biomass burning in Southern Europe. 2014. (Relatório de pesquisa).

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Projetos de pesquisa

  • 2014 - 2016

    AIRUSE - Testing and Development of Air Quality Mitigation Measures in Southern Europe, Descrição: Several urban and industrial areas in Southern Europe are not capable of meeting the implemented EU standards for particulate matter. Efficient air quality management is required in order to ensure that the legal limits are not exceeded and that the consequences of poor air quality are controlled and minimized. Of special relevance for Southern Europe is the problem of resuspended mineral matter. The origin of mineral matter is diverse and difficult to be quantified. The sources of mineral dust include brake and road pavement abrasion, construction/demolition, fugitive industrial and harbor emissions, agricultural resuspension, regional soil resuspension and African dust outbreaks. Furthermore, the scarce precipitation favors accumulation (and availability for resuspension) of the deposited dust material. Conversely, in other regions of Europe, the frequent washout caused by rain diminishes this problem. This is why the high contribution of mineral dust in PM10 and PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter with diameter less than 10 and 2.5 microns respectively) of most urban sites of Southern Europe (around 30 and 12%, in front to 10 to <5% in central Europe) may cause exceedances of the air quality standards. Another key issue in air quality is the contribution to urban ambient PM levels from biomass burning. Thus, whereas in central and northern Europe the contribution from wood stoves and other domestic biomass burning reach important contributions, in Southern Europe this is still not demonstrated. The scenario may be in this region very different. Firstly, domestic biomass burning is not a relevant source for the high density population Mediterranean cities, secondly the cold period is short and thirdly other sources of biomass burning, such as agricultural fires and forest fires prevail. The application of mitigation measures and the development of appropriate air pollution abatement national strategies require the precise identification of emission sources. This is a difficult task for exposure levels of PM. Of specific interest is the quantification of the different sources, both of anthropogenic and natural origin. The EU official guidelines suggest that models are the scientifically relevant tools to be used also for source apportionment (2008/50/EU). A wide range of modeling methodologies has been proposed and applied for source apportionment purposes, including receptor-based models. Receptor models have been previously used to develop emission reduction strategies for attaining PM10, PM2.5 and ozone standards, decreasing human exposures to toxic substances, and improving visibility. As part of these reductions many of the chemical markers for major sources, such as lead in gasoline engine exhaust and trace elements in primary industrial emissions, have been reduced or eliminated. Receptor models used for source apportionment have to be optimized and harmonised prior to their use for regulatory purposes. Among many source apportionment methods, PMF (Positive Matrix Factorization) has been shown to be a powerful alternative to traditional multivariate receptor modeling like CMB (Chemical Mass Balance) and PCA (Principal Component Analysis). A newly developed algorithm namely ME-2 (Multilinear Engine) is the most recent advance in source apportionment modelling. To maximize the information resulting by PMF and/or ME-2 a number of operational parameters should be optimized and new data interpretation techniques should be initiated. The improvement of the source apportionment will consist of the next steps: - The number of the explanatory variables will be extended by including organic markers (e.g levoglucosan as a marker for biomass burning) - The data derived by off-line measurements (traditional chemical analysis) and on-line instrumentation (size distribution measurements) will be combined in order to calcul. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE - Source apportionment of URBan Emissions of primary particulate matter, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Casimiro Pio - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2011 - 2014

    CV-Dust - Atmospheric aerosol in Cape Verde region: seasonal evaluation of composition, sources and transport, Descrição: Every year, billions of tons of eroded mineral soils are carried from the Saharan Desert and the Sahel to America, Caribbean and Europe. Saharan dust has been transported across the Atlantic for millions of years, depositing nutrients to the East Mediterranean, red-clay soils to the limestone islands of the Caribbean, freshwater diatoms and phytoliths in the tropical and equatorial Atlantic, and iron that periodically triggers red-tides in the Gulf of Mexico. Dust optical parameters, size and spatial distribution of mineral aerosols determine the direct interaction of solar and terrestrial radiation in the atmosphere through scattering and absorption. Mineral dust also has a great impact on cloud formation including both ice and water clouds leading to additional indirect radiation effects. In addition, the bulk and surface chemistry of the mineral dust particles determines interactions with gaseous and other particle species. The global importance of desert dust with regard to the impact on the direct radiative forcing and its possible effect on the indirect radiative forcing was emphasized within the IPCC Report. However, quantification of the magnitude of warming or cooling remains open because of the strong variability of the atmospheric dust burden and the lack of representative data for the spatial and temporal distribution of the dust composition. A detailed data on the size distribution and the size-resolved chemical and mineralogical composition of dust providing from Africa is fundamental 1) to understand processes governing production, transport and removal from the atmosphere; 2) to estimate the global importance of these particles on the radiative forcing and to quantify the magnitude of the warming or cooling; 3) to understand the impact of mineral aerosols on the marine organisms and the role of dust-borne iron on the ocean carbon cycle (and, hence, on atmospheric CO2) and 4) to comprehend the impact of dust in the human health and wellbeing. Cape Verde is located in an area of massive dust transport from land to ocean, and is thus ideal to set up sampling devices that will able the characterization and the quantification of the dust transported from Africa. Therefore, the main objectives of CV-Dust project are: 1) to characterize the chemical and mineralogical composition of dust transported from Africa by setting up an orchestra of aerosol sampling devices in the strategic archipelago of Cape Verde; 2) to identify the sources of particles in Cape Verde by using receptor models; 3) to elucidate the role Saharan dust may play in the degradation of Cape Verde air quality; 4) to model processes governing dust production, transport, interaction with the radiation field and removal from the atmosphere. Aerosol sampling will be performed during one year and chemical characterization of the particles will be performed by Neutron Activation Analysis for elemental measurements, Ion Chromatography for the determination of water soluble ions, a thermo-optical system for the determination of Black and Organic Carbon and CO2 evolution ? NDIR for carbonates. Mineralogical composition will be studied by X-ray diffraction, TEM and Scanning electron microscopy. The identification of the main sources and origins of the particles sampled in the archipelago will be carried out by integrating complementary tools including Principal Component Analysis, Positive Matrix Factorization, Chemical Mass Balance, Multilinear Regression Analysis, Air Mass Back trajectories analyses, meteorological data and particle size segregate analysis. Temporal and spatial distribution of air pollutants concentrations will be provided by a system of transport models.. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (2) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Paulo Fialho - Integrante / C. Pio - Coordenador / M.C. Freitas - Integrante / Célia Alves - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / Joana Gomes - Integrante / Mário Cerqueira - Integrante.

  • 2011 - 2013

    CARBOPAST - Carbonaceous aerosol over Europe: the past 100 years as inferred from an Alpine ice core, Descrição: In the framework of the European CARBOSOL project (Present and Retrospective State of the Organic Versus Inorganic Aerosol over Europe) an extended array of carbonaceous species including elemental carbon (EC), water insoluble organic carbon (WinOC) as well as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were made along an Mt Blanc (French Alps) ice core. Although made on discrete summer ice samples this pioneering study stimulates further studies. Indeed, the EC ice record revealed an outstanding increase after World War II in summer. The reconstructionof past changes of OC (organic carbon) in ice is a challenge since only the WinOC fraction is measured by filtering the melted ice samples, and conversely, the DOC content of ice accounts for WSOC aerosol fraction as well as water-soluble organic gases. In spite of these difficulties, we demonstrated that the DOC ice record together with the ones of light carboxylates andWinOC allow reconstructing past OC (WinOC plus WSOC) changes with a rather good degree of confidence. With the aim to increase the reliability of the preceding long-term ice core trends of organics (only a few selected summer samples were studied in CARBOSOL) a new ice core was extracted at Mt Blanc at the end of the CARBOSOL project. With this respect it is here propose to use this new ice core to extract the detailed long-term trend of DOC, WinOC and EC for summer and winter through collaborative efforts between French and Portuguese scientists. A low level DOC analyzer able to reach the low level of winter samples was successfully developed at LGGE. Only the thermo-optical method deployed by Prof C. Pio would permit to reach low winter level and to satisfactorily separate the two insoluble (OC and EC) fractions. These data will give an overall picture of aerosol (load and composition) over Europe since the beginning of the 20th century. That represents key inputs needed to address the role of carbonaceous aerosol in forcing the climate.. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (1) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / M. Cerqueira - Integrante / C. Pio - Coordenador.

  • 2009 - 2011

    Carbon wet deposition in north Atlantic., Descrição: Estimar fluxos de deposição húmida de carbono particulado e contribuir para uma melhor compreensão dos processos de incorporação do aerossol de carbono na precipitação: - caracterização das amostras dos aerossóis quanto à sua massa (por gravimetria), conteúdo em carbono negro e carbono orgânico (método termo-óptico), ácidos orgânicos e iões solúveis (cromatografia iónica). - determinação dos fluxos de deposição húmida de carbono e análise de tendências sazonais e diferenças espaciais. Cálculo de ?razões de lavagem? nos processos de incorporação das partículas carbonáceas (e de outras substâncias) pela precipitação; - identificação e quantificação dos teores de ácidos orgânicos e cálculo de relações entre componentes que permitam obter informação sobre a génese e transformação da matéria carbonácea; - análise de trajectórias de massas de ar para identificação das áreas geográficas de origem dos poluentes.. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa.

  • 2009 - 2009

    Prediction of the kinetics of self-repair of forming-induced defects on thin functional primers for advanced automotive applications (KINSREP), Descrição: Electrochemical microscopio, EIS and SVET assessment of corrosion resistance and self-healing of thin zinc-rich primers after controlled deformation. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa.

  • 2007 - 2009

    Estudo de Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis Biogênicos e Antropogenicos na Floresta da Tijuca / Rio de Janeiro, Descrição: Este trabalho propôs estudar compostos orgânicos voláteis (compostos carbonílicos e BTEX) no Parque Florestal da Tijuca, uma das maiores florestas urbanas do mundo, de flora diversificada com espécies nativas e exóticas, alem de um relevo acidentado que atua como uma barreira física natural para as correntes de ar que dispersa a pluma de poluição da cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Durante o estudo foram realizadas 80 (oitenta) amostragens de compostos carbonílicos e 30 (trinta) amostragens de BTEX dentro do Parque da Tijuca; concomitantemente foram realizadas 40 (quarenta) amostragens de compostos carbonílicos e 15 (quinze) de BTEX na entrada do Parque Florestal estes números repetiram se na praça Saens Peña (região urbana). Por cromatografia líquida de alta resolução foram identificados e quantificados 10 (dez) compostos carbonílicos em todos os locais estudados, com destaques de magnitude para o formaldeído e para o acetaldeído. Os compostos aromáticos foram determinados por cromatografia gasosa e observou se níveis muito distintos entre os locais estudados, permitido avaliar o real impacto das emissões da região urbana na referida floresta e a capacidade de diluição desta. Alem da diferença entre os níveis de compostos carbonílicos entre os locais de estudos foi retratado um perfil muito distintos do comportamento destes compostos quando correlacionados com fatores físicos de temperatura, luminosidade e % de umidade relativa do ar no ambiente; que permitiram discerni compostos carbonílicos de origem biogênica ou antropogênica.. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Mestrado acadêmico: (1) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Coordenador / Graciela Arbilla - Integrante.Financiador(es): Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico - Bolsa.

  • 2005 - 2007

    Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos incubados com: (2 ) com doses crescentes de lodo de esgoto, utilizando o milho (Zea mayz) plantado nesses solos contaminados, Descrição: Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos adicionados de: (1) doses crescentes de cádmio, zinco, cobre e chumbo e (2) lodo de esgoto, utilizando milho (Zea mays) como modelo de extrator. Os métodos de extração simples são amplamente utilizados em ciência do solo. Assim, este projeto foi dividido em dois sub-projetos com a finalidade de se observar o comportamento dos metais pesados (1) nos diferentes tipos de solo e após este estudo com os resultados obtidos observar o comportamento dos metais pesados presentes no lodo de esgoto (residencial, por exemplo, que têm baixos teores de metais pesados) quando adicionados ao solos (2) com a finalidade de melhoramento de solos de áreas contaminadas. Este sub-projeto (2) tem por objetivo comparar diferentes métodos para determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em diferentes solos (com caracterísiticas físico-química distintas) contaminados com doses crescentes de lodo de esgoto, utilizando o milho plantado nesses solos como extrator biológico. Fra escolhidos qutro tipos de solo: latossolovermelho amarelo LVA), argissolo vermelho amarelo (PVA), chernosslo argilúvico (CA) e organossolo háplico (OX).. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (0) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Cristina Maria Barra - Coordenador / Otavio Raymundo Lã - Integrante / Nelson Moura Brasil do Amaral Sobrinho - Integrante., Número de produções C, T & A: 5

  • 2004 - 2005

    Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos incubados com (1) doses crescentes de cádmio, cobre, zinco e chumbo utilizando o milho (Zea mays) como extrator biológico, Descrição: Avaliação da habilidade de diferentes extratores químicos na determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em solos adicionados de: (1) doses crescentes de cádmio, zinco, cobre e chumbo e (2) lodo de esgoto, utilizando milho (Zea mays) como modelo de extrator. Os métodos de extração simples são amplamente utilizados em ciência do solo. Assim, este projeto foi dividido em dois sub-projetos com a finalidade de se observar o comportamento dos metais pesados (1) nos diferentes tipos de solo e após este estudo com os resultados obtidos observar o comportamento dos metais pesados presentes no lodo de esgoto (residencial, por exemplo, que têm baixos teores de metais pesados) quando adicionados ao solos (2) com a finalidade de melhoramento de solos de áreas contaminadas. Este sub-projeto (1) tem por objetivo comparar diferentes métodos para determinação de metais pesados biodisponíveis em diferentes solos (com caracterísiticas físico-química distintas) contaminados com doses crescentes de ldos metais pesados cobre, cádmio, chumbo e zinco utilizando o milho plantado nesses solos como extrator biológico. Fra escolhidos qutro tipos de solo: latossolovermelho amarelo LVA), argissolo vermelho amarelo (PVA), chernosslo argilúvico (CA) e organossolo háplico (OX).. , Situação: Concluído; Natureza: Pesquisa. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (0) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Cristina Maria Barra - Coordenador / Otavio Raymundo Lã - Integrante / Nelson Moura Brasil do Amaral Sobrinho - Integrante., Número de produções C, T & A: 6

Seção coletada automaticamente pelo Escavador

Projetos de desenvolvimento

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

  • 2012 - Atual

    URBE, Descrição: Atmospheric particles are of major scientific interest due to their demonstrated role in climate change and their effect on human health, local visibility and soiling of monuments. Current European Directive on Air Quality 2008/50/CE targets the mass concentration of airborne particulate matter under 10 and 2.5 um (PM10 and PM2.5). The threshold values are frequently being exceeded in many urban centres throughoutEurope. Emissions from road traffic comprise a substantial fraction of primary PM within urban areas and an even larger proportion at roadside. Road traffic emissions include not only tailpipe exhaust but also non-exhaust emissions derived mostly from the vehicle-induced dust resuspension and from the direct emissions from vehicle wear (brakes, tyres, discs, etc.). Non-exhaust emissions are often of the same order or even greater than exhaust emissions, especially when rainfall rates are low and the wash-off of the road is scarce. Source apportionment results indicate that biomass burning (particularly in winter) and cooking are the two main nonroad primary sources of PM in urban areas. Quantitative knowledge of individual source concentrations in the air is crucial to devise cost-effective abatement strategies. Receptor modelling techniques are used to identify and quantify the contributions from emission sources to the levels of major components of PM. In theUnited States, the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model has been widely used, while inEurope receptor modelling has mainly been based on methods that do not require chemical profiles of previously identified source emissions (e.g. multivariate statistical techniques, such as Positive Matrix Factorisation, PMF). The CMB method has been very little applied inEurope due to the lack of EU chemical composition of particles emitted from specific sources. Concerning the application of PMF, the major weakness in Europe in comparison toNorth America is the scarcity of suitable high quality ambient datasets in whi. , Situação: Em andamento; Natureza: Desenvolvimento. , Alunos envolvidos: Graduação: (0) / Especialização: (0) / Mestrado acadêmico: (0) / Mestrado profissional: (0) / Doutorado: (2) . , Integrantes: Danilo Custódio Jorge - Integrante / Fátima Mirante - Integrante / Teresa Nunes - Integrante / C. Pio - Integrante / Célia Alves - Coordenador / Ana Isabel Calvo Gordaliza - Integrante.

Histórico profissional

Seção coletada automaticamente pelo Escavador

Endereço profissional

  • Universidade de Aveiro, Fundação para Ciência e Tecnologia. , Universidade de Aveiro - Departamento de Ambiente, Sam Tiago, 3810193 - Aveiro, - Portugal, URL da Homepage:

Seção coletada automaticamente pelo Escavador

Experiência profissional

  • 2014 - 2016

    Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

    Vínculo: , Enquadramento Funcional:

  • 2012 - Atual

    Universidade de Aveiro

    Vínculo: Bolsista, Enquadramento Funcional: Estudante de Doutoramento, Carga horária: 40, Regime: Dedicação exclusiva.

  • 2010 - 2012

    Universidade de Aveiro

    Vínculo: Contratado, Enquadramento Funcional: Bolseiro de Investigação, Carga horária: 40, Regime: Dedicação exclusiva.

  • 2009 - 2009

    Instituto Superior Técnico da UTL

    Vínculo: Contrato, Enquadramento Funcional: Pesquisador, Carga horária: 40

    Outras informações:
    Scholarship of Research Fund for Coal and Steel in Technical University of Lisbon

  • 2007 - 2009

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    Vínculo: Bolsista, Enquadramento Funcional: Aluno / mestrado em química

    Outras informações:
    Estudo de compostos orgânicos volátes biogenicos e antropogenicos na atmosfera.

  • 2003 - 2007

    Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

    Vínculo: Graduando, Enquadramento Funcional: aluno / Graduação em química, Carga horária: 0

    Outras informações:
    Em fase de conclusão (março de 2007).

  • 2002 - 2003

    Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro

    Vínculo: Graduando, Enquadramento Funcional: Licenciatura em Ciências Agrícolas, Carga horária: 0

    Atividades

    • 04/2006 - 02/2007

      Outras atividades técnico-científicas , Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Instituto de Ciências Exatas.,Atividade realizada, Monitoria de Química Inorgânica..

    • 08/2005 - 02/2007

      Outras atividades técnico-científicas , Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Instituto de Ciências Exatas.,Atividade realizada, Bolsista de Iniciação Científica PIBIC-CNPq/UFRRJ (2005-2006).

    • 08/2004 - 07/2005

      Outras atividades técnico-científicas , Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Instituto de Ciências Exatas.,Atividade realizada, Bolsista de Iniciação Científica PIBIC-CNPq/UFRRJ (2004-2005).

    • 04/2004 - 08/2004

      Outras atividades técnico-científicas , Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Instituto de Ciências Exatas.,Atividade realizada, Monitor de Química Analítica I.

    • 02/2002 - 08/2004

      Outras atividades técnico-científicas , Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Instituto de Ciências Exatas.,Atividade realizada, Bolsista do SINTEEG.